Coppice regeneration in Gugarq and Hrazdan Forest Enterprises of Hayantar SNCO supported by GIZ IBiS
Integrated Biodiversity Management, South Caucasus (IBiS) programme implemented by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH supports coppice regeneration activities in Gugarq and Hrazdan Forest Enterprises (FE) of “Hayantar” SNCO totally on 200 ha. The field activities will create favorable conditions for better restoration of coppices. The fuel-wood generated during coppice regeneration field measures will be provided tonearby communities․
The National Forest Management Information System (NFMIS) is being practiced in both FEs during the coppicing activities. The NFMIS is an information system used for operational planning as well as management and exchange of information between different involved partners in the forestry sector. Respective information on coppicing sites in Gugarq and Hrazdan FEs and implemented measures is entered and further managed in NFMIS.
The activity includes also human capacity building in coppice management and NFMIS. Representatives of Gugarq, Hrazdan and a number of other FEs of “Hayantar” SNCO will be trained. This will create capacities for further implementation of coppicing measures and use of NFMIS in “Hayantar” SNCO.
In addition, IBiS provided field equipment (8 chainsaws and 2 bush cutters) to Gugarq and Hrazdan FEs to be used during the mentioned coppice regeneration field activities as well as in future for similar activities in the mentioned FEs.
13 September 2017, Yerevan, Armenia – Forests are among the most threatened ecosystems in Armenia, with degradation accelerating. But Armenia is committed to achieving sustainability in forest management, and a three-day workshop opening here today helps to move things in the right direction.
Organized by the Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the workshop will focus on establishing criteria and indicators for sustainable management of the country’s forests. About 30 national experts on forests and related topics – from government, administration, academia, nongovernmental organizations, and forest projects and activities – are expected to attend. The initiative is supported by Armenia’s Ministry of Agriculture ”Hayantar” State Non-Commercial Organization (SNCO), in particular because it involves a broad swath of society for more inclusive decision making on forests.
The concept of criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management was developed at the landmark Earth Summit, in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. Since then, it has evolved into a powerful tool for promoting, monitoring, and assessing progress towards sustainable forest management. Many countries have already developed and started using national criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management, and now Armenia joins those countries by developing its own. The concept is also used at regional and international levels – the Montreal Process, the pan-European Process and the FAO Global Forest Resources Assessments being important examples.
Already scarce forest resources of Armenia suffer from deforestation and degradation, largely attributable to deforestation and overexploitation. Thus, “expansion of forests is one of the main goals for Armenia, not only for the forests’ protective role, but also to develop forest-related businesses and to ensure fuelwood supply to the population” said Ekrem Yazici, deputy chief of the Joint ECE/FAO Forestry and Timber Section. Forests play important anti-erosion, soil-protective, water-regulating, and climate-regulating functions. While these ecological functions are widely acknowledged, the economic and social functions of forests are less well understood in Armenia. Yet, a lack of data on biodiversity, ecosystem services and socio-economic aspects hampers effective monitoring.
“Sustainable forest management indicators can provide important information on Armenia’s forest resources and support evidence-based policies,” said Yazici. “The set of indicators will be very beneficial for monitoring, assessing and reporting on the state of Armenia’s forests, strengthening national forest policy, and promoting sustainable forest management.
Armenia – along with Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan – is a beneficiary country of a UNECE-FAO project on “Accountability Systems for Sustainable Forest Management in the Caucasus and Central Asia.” Expected to operate from 2016 to 2019, the project is financed through the UN Development Account. The project aims to strengthen national forest sectors and enable the countries to meet their international commitments, such as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Launch of a project, titled “Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management in the Caucasus and Central Asia” for the period 2016-2019
The project “Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management in the Caucasus and Central Asia” organized by the UNECE/FAO Forestry and Timber Section was launched in November 2016.
The objective of the new project is to strengthen the national capacity of five target countries, namely: Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan in reporting on sustainable forest management and developing national criteria and indicators and accountability systems.
The regional inception workshop was held from 15-18 November 2016 in Yerevan at the Armenian office of UNDP. The three days of workshop are followed by a one day field trip to the Hrazdan Forest Enterprise of “Hayantar” SNCO, where in 2009 with the support of UN FAO a nursery with containerized seedling system was established.
The workshop brought together five countries: Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. The workshop introduced the project to the country participants who are expected to support project activities in their respective countries. It introduced international criteria and indicators processes, gave examples from national criteria and indicator development in Austria, Estonia, Iran and Russia.
The workshop was a platform for countries to present their specific situations, and for exchange and interaction between all participants.